PHONICS AND SPELLING - Process and Strategies
Spelling is an integral part of children’s reading and writing development. As children develop spelling competency, their confidence and independence in writing will increase.
Aims of spelling
To teach children to:
Teaching and Learning Strategies.
Activate prior knowledge
Revisit previous linked learning
Introduce the new concept
Practise Individual/group work
Extend/explore the concept independently
Assess through independent application
Explain and demonstrate understanding
EYFS – Children will be taught phonics daily. They will begin to learn the high frequency words. They will work though the Phonic Phases in Letters and Sounds
Key Stage 1
Year 1– Children will be taught phonics & spelling 4/5 times per week. Within the phonics sessions children will be taught to revisit their last session, to be introduced to new sounds/rules and they will do an application activity based on the objective.
Year 2 - Children will be taught phonics & spelling 4/5 times per week. Within the phonics sessions children will be taught to revisit their last session, to be introduced to new sounds/rules and they will do an application activity based on the objective. Pupils will also be expected to apply spelling rules and key words across the curriculum.
Pupils assessed at working below age-related expectation will receive targeted phonics teaching.
Key Stage 2
In Key Stage Two, children will have 4 spelling sessions. Lessons follow revise, teach, practise and apply approach. Pupil’s spelling will be tested once per week. Pupils will be expected to apply spelling rules and key words across the curriculum.
Pupils who are working below age-related expectation will be assessed and work will be targeted to their specific needs.
It has long been accepted that to highlight every spelling in a child’s writing can be especially damaging for the child, so marking focus will be based upon individual/group need. Using this approach, the aim will be for words to be written accurately not just in isolation or in a test, but in ordinary classroom activities. It is important when marking spellings to focus on the part of the word that the pupils have misspelt rather than the whole word. This will help to further develop spelling competency.
EYFS - Assessment is ongoing and will take place weekly and half termly based on phonics.
Key Stage 1 – Assessment is ongoing and will take place weekly and half termly based on phonics. Year 1 pupils will be tested against phonic screening.
Key Stage 2– Assessment is ongoing and will take place weekly. Nfer Spelling tests will take place twice a year.
Examples of resources used - Letters and Sounds, Dictionaries, Various Websites like BBC Bitesize, Phonics play
Click here for more information.